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Permaculture is a concept that focuses on allowing human beings to create their own productive environments. A permaculture garden can help them produce and acquire their food, shelter, energy, and their other needs. Applying different permaculture methods especially considers taking care of the environment when establishing systems that can sustain for a long period.
Australian ecologist Bill Mollison and his student David Holmgren created the term "permaculture". They came up with the word, which is the contraction of the phrase "permanent culture" or "permanent agriculture", in 1978. Both the mentor and student developed concepts that can aid humans to create enduring agriculture systems.
Mollison and Holmgren thought that people's great dependence on hazardous industrial agricultural procedures destroy the environment. As such, they developed permaculture so that humans can use ecology to design comprehensive systems of food production, applicable technology, community development, and housing without harming the environment.
In 1978, Australian ecologist Bill Mollison and his student David Holmgren created the term "permaculture", a contraction of the phrase "permanent culture" or "permanent agriculture".
Permaculture: Practical Applications
Different permaculture designs have various uses. Farmers can use a permacultural framework to sustain their lands. Individuals can also build systems, such as rain catchment, solar aquatic ponds, and constructed wetlands, to efficiently utilize and re-use water. Edible landscaping, trellising, improving soil fertility, reducing pollution, and using resources responsibly are also among the common methods connected to permaculture.
One doesn't have to be an expert to use pemaculture because it has numerous practical applications. A person can make his own permaculture garden for additional food production. If households will use the ideals of permaculture, they can efficiently use land, like creating a sustainable garden, to meet their needs to eat healthy foods and drink safe water.
Permaculture is also not only for those who live in the rural areas. Urban permaculture gardening is now practiced to help people who live in the cities minimize using industrialized agriculture to improve food supply.
However, permacultural approaches are not only applicable to animal and plant agriculture. They are also useful in planning community and development. Permaculture is also involved in using appropriate technologies and supporting people-centered and earth-based ideologies and concepts. Designing programs for human settlements, planning programs to strengthen the economy, creating more jobs, and working cooperatively are also some of the activities that permaculture teaches.
Permaculture: Ethics And Core Values
Permaculture is a holistic and comprehensive approach that can be applied to various life elements. Thus, it follows ethics or core values that are summarized as Earthcare, Peoplecare, and Fairshare.
Earthcare is concerned in recognizing that the Earth is the ultimate life source. People should respect the truth that the Earth is man's home and that they are a part of it.
Peoplecare, on the other hand, involves people helping and supporting one another to improve their lifestyles without harming the planet or themselves.
Fairshare, or setting limits to consumption and population, assures that the available resources are efficiently used.
With the various problems that the world faces today, permaculture is a very useful means to find solutions to these conflicts. Using the permaculture approach, people can be trained to build self-sufficient societies and reduce man's dependence on dangerous industrial systems that destroy nature.